For Israel, cooperation with Europe regarding research and academic relations is of central importance. Cooperation with Germany opened the door for Israel to the European Union's research support and contributed greatly to its integration into the European research environment. European cooperation projects offer both sides manifold possibilities to effectively augment their bilateral cooperation.
Since 1996, Israel has been an associate partner in the European Framework Programmes (FP). The strong involvement of Israeli researchers in cooperation projects highlights the importance of the European cooperation for the Israeli research system. As part of FP7, Israeli partners were involved in 1621 cooperations. The priorities were ICT, life sciences and nanotechnology. In addition, Israel was strongly committed to setting up research infrastructures as part of FP7. Israeli partners were also involved in European network projects (ERA-NETs, INCO-NETs). At least one German partner was involved in each of the 679 FP7 projects with Israeli participation. Germany was Israel’s most frequent partner in these cooperation projects.
On 8 June 2014 Israel signed the association agreement to Horizon 2020, the EU's 8th Framework Programme. A total of 564 institutions from Israel participated in 1,629 Horizon 2020 projects. Israel's closest cooperation partner in Horizon 2020 was Germany, as in the previous programme, followed by Spain in second and Italy in third place. German and Israeli institutions cooperated in a total of 603 projects, i.e. German institutions participated in around 37% of all projects with Israeli participation.
On 6 December 2021, Israel became an Associated Country to Horizon Europe, the EU's 9th Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. Therefore, Israeli researchers and institutions can participate in the programme under the same conditions as those from EU Member States.
Israel is a full member of EUREKA, the European network for industrial market-oriented research. In addition to bilateral agreements, EUREKA offers additional opportunities for technological cooperation between Israeli and German companies and research institutions. Israel participates in approx. one quarter of all current EUREKA projects. Israel is also involved in Eurostars, a programme for SMEs that drive research, which was jointly launched by EUREKA and the European Commission in 2008. In addition, the country is a cooperating partner in the European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST).
PRIMA (Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area) is an Article 185 initiative. The aim of PRIMA is to develop joint innovative solutions for water management and supply as well as for agri-food systems in the Mediterranean, in order to make them more climate-resilient, cost efficient and sustainable. A total of 19 countries (including Germany and Israel) in Europe and the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean and the European Commission participate in PRIMA.
In 1998, Israel became a scientific member (without voting rights) of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble. It is also a founding member of the European Molecular Biological Organisation and the European Molecular Biological Laboratory, as well as a member of the European Science Foundation and the European Academy. Israel also enjoys observer status on the committees of the Organisation for Economic Collaboration and Development and the European Organisation for Nuclear Research.