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The Max Planck Society (MPG) celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2023. With around 24,000 employees, it is the most important institution for non-university basic research in Germany. About 7,000 scientists and about 3,500 doctoral students work at the 85 Max Planck Institutes and research facilities.
The Helmholtz Association is Germany’s largest scientific organisation. Around 45,000 people work in its 18 centres. Its annual budget is about 5 billion euros. The Helmholtz Association’s mission is research that contributes to answering pressing questions of science, society and the economy.
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft with its 76 institutes and research facilities is considered the largest institution of application-oriented research and development in Europe. Its central research fields include health and the environment, mobility and transport as well as energy and raw materials. Almost 31,000 employees work on the annual research volume of around three billion euros.
The Leibniz Association connects 97 independent research institutions that range in focus from natural, engineering and environmental sciences to economics, spatial and social sciences and the humanities. The Leibniz Institutes employ around 20,500 people, including 11,500 researchers. The financial volume amounts to 2 billion euros.
With its approximately 1,500 members, the Leopoldina brings together outstanding scientists from Germany, Austria, Switzerland and numerous other countries. The Academy, based in Halle an der Saale, works on important societal issues of the future from a scientific perspective, independently of economic or political interests, communicates the results to politicians and the public and represents these issues both nationally and internationally.
Numerous German universities maintain intensive cooperation with Israeli partners. The cooperation extends to all scientific disciplines. In addition to focal points in the natural and social sciences as well as the humanities, the arts also occupy a prominent place in cooperation. The cooperation instruments used range from student exchanges and cooperation in teaching to joint research projects.